10 Things you may not Know About Pomeranians

November 11, 2013

A Introduction of Pomeranian

When you are looking for a introduction of Pomeranian dogs then you may find some good information on them at your local bookstore, pet shop or library.  You can find books on their size, background, what to feed them, etc.  You may even find books that will give you a introduction to Pomeranian breeds in the form of an e-book.  You may also be able to get good information on the breed from your local vet.

Right now you will read about some interesting and little known facts about the breed.

Pomeranian Breed and origins

The Pomeranian is actually a part of the Spitz family.  They originated in the Pomerania area that lies in the heart of Europe.  You will not find this region on current maps though because now it is a part of both Germany and Poland.  The breed was named for the region from which it originated.

Although the breed is classified as a breed known as toy dogs because of its size, if you know anything at all about dogs then you will know that the Spitz dogs that the Pomeranian descends from is a much larger breed.  While they are known here as Pomeranians, in a lot of countries they are called Dwarf Spitz.

So how did they get so small if they are descended from a larger breed?  Keep reading and you will find out shortly.


When Queen Victoria reigned in England in the 17th century she had a small red dog.  Yes, it was a Pomeranian.  She gained the love of this breed as a child because her grandmother, Queen Catherine had this type of dog.  Queen Catherine’s dog was larger though and weighed in at about 50 pounds.  When it became widely known what the breed of Queen Victoria’s dog was it created a fad.  People wanted to have the same type of dog that the Queen had.  That sparked the popularity of the breed and it has been going strong ever since.  Although the breed was larger back then, the Queen’s dog was a small one for the times.  She was a great fan of dogs in general and helped to finance kennels for breeding the dogs.  When dog aficionados and breeders found that out, they started breeding only small versions of the animal.  The Queen helped them in this endeavor by importing the smallest she could find from different countries.  During her reign alone and directly due to both her influence and preferences, the size of a Pomeranian shrunk by more than 50%.

Things to watch for

Although this breed of dog is small it is a rather hearty breed.  The most common natural afflictions to watch out for in this breed are tracheal collapse, luxating patella and black skin disease.  Other than that if you give the dog his shots and make sure he gets everything that he needs he should be pretty healthy as a whole.  Their life expectancy is about 16 years.

Tracheal collapse occurs when the dog’s trachea collapse.  If you notice the critter having trouble breathing or actually passing out this may be the reason and the dog should receive medical treatment.

Luxating patella is basically when the dog’s knee cap slips out of place.  The dog will not be able to sit comfortably and the leg will be in a position where it is bent with the paw off the ground.  Painful when it occurs, the condition is not painful immediately after the kneecap slips.

Black skin disease is when the skin turns black and the hair falls out.

AppearancePomeranian puppies

The Pomeranian is a small breed.  At the maximum growth they only reach a height of 11’’ and their weight generally gets to be between 7 and 8 pounds.    Their coat is generally fluffy and their tails are set both high as well as flat.  While earlier versions of this breed were primarily pure white or sometimes black, now they are the breed that has the largest array of colors out of every breed in the world.


It is recommended that this breed is brushed out every single day.   That is because the dog actually has 2 coats.  The part that you primarily see on first look is the outer coat and is straight, long and not very soft.  There is also an undercoat though.  This undercoat tends to be short, very dense and soft.  Because the dog constantly sheds, if they are not brushed out on a daily basis they can become matted and tangled and this could actually lead to health conditions.


For a little dog the Pomeranian can have a big attitude.  They are extremely temperamental because the owners tend to spoil them.  In order to teach good behavior early Pomeranian puppies should be trained at as early an age as possible.  Without early training the Pomeranian puppies will grow up to be little barkers.  They have a tendency to bark as the slightest provocation unless trained early not to.

A Random Interesting Fact or Four

When the Titanic sank there were only 3 dogs saved.  One of them was a Pekinese and the other two were both Pomeranians; which raises the question of why they were saving dogs while people were drowning?

In 1898 the first of the Pomeranian breed became registered at the American Kennel Club although it was not even recognized by the club as a breed for two more years.

Speaking of clubs, the Westminster Kennel Club Dog Show awarded the breed a prize for the first time in 1926. This prize was in the Toy Group category.   A pom would not win another prize there until 62 years later when one was awarded the prize for Best in Show.

For each of the last 10 years, the breed has been on the top 10 list for the most popular breed in America according to the American Kennel Club.  The breed is extremely more popular in America than anywhere else on the world at the time of this writing.

Category: Blog, Breeders, Education, Pomeranian

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